• Michael Wood and Ricky Britner

Temperaments & the Development of APS Reports


As previously discussed — in our series explaining temperaments, our needs, and the vast information they provide in understanding ourselves — we began introducing the fact that they can be measured mathematically. We’ll continue to explain the Arno Profiling System (A.P.S. Report) and its development.


The A.P.S. Report is adapted from a questionnaire originally called FIRO-B by Will Schutz. He was asked by the Department of the Navy to help relationships between sailors serving on ships and submarines. The questionnaire was designed to discover each sailor’s behavioral traits and personal needs. Information gained, improved working and personal relationships of the Navy by 50%.


Drs. Richard and Phyllis Arno — founders of the National Christian Counselors Association — adopted the FIRO-B after years of conducting research. It helped them learn and develop a means of identifying a person’s inborn temperament.


During this time of research, the Arnos worked with more than 5,000 individuals. These were persons who sought counseling for depression, inter/intra-personal conflict, marriage and family dysfunction, and anxiety. The purpose of this research was to develop an accurate, clinical, testing procedure for initial identification of the counselee’s inborn, God-given tendencies/temperament. The Arno Profile System does not measure a person’s behavior; it identifies a person’s inborn, God-given temperament. Who God created us to be (temperament) and who we become (through learned behavior) can be entirely different. We need to find out who we really are, and find ways to become the person God wants us to be (the true self) instead of the person we have learned to be (the masked self). – Creation Therapy A Biblically Based Model for Christian Counseling


In closing:


The A.P.S. Report provides insight for the counselor to better understand the counselee. Also, it allows the counselee to understand him/herself. It helps us understand why we do what we do, what needs we have, and how we can act/think in our relationships. The A.P.S. Report will show what and where our needs are being met. Each counselor has been properly trained to be able to use the information the A.P.S report provides to utilize its full effectiveness.


The goal of the A.P.S is to provide the tools and means for counselees to have lasting mental, emotional well-being, and spiritual maturity as they process through his or her life.


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